Phone: 717-432-8496
E-mail: elaine@ezdesignco.com




PLANT CARE TIPS


Winter Care for newly planted Trees and Shrubs

Watering Plants

Drip Irrigation

Root Collar Disorders








Winter Care for newly planted Trees and Shrubs

Any newly planted evergreen trees and shrubs need to have Wilt-Pruf (found at most garden centers) or Horticultural Oil applied to help protect the plants from winter wind damage. Any newly planted trees and shrubs, that loose their leaves, can benefit from using Wilt-Pruf or Horticultural Oil on them. If it is in a windy area, put burlap on the wind side of the plants to break the wind. Do not completely cover with the burlap. The plants need to adjust to the cold temperature.

Watering needs to be done weekly until the ground freezes, if we have less than 1 inch of rain per week. Use about 3 gallons of water per plant. Be sure to disconnect the hose after use to prevent pipes from freezing and breaking. Water is very important to winter survival! Rain gauges will freeze if water is left in them. It is a good idea to bring the rain gauges inside for the winter, to prevent breaking.

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Watering Plants

Guidelines for water amounts based on soil types:
Sandy soil - 1 inch of water will penetrate up to 12 inches of soil
Loamy soil - 1 inch of water will penetrate 6-10 inches of soil
Clay soil - 1 inch of water will penetrate 4-6 inches of soil
Tree and shrub roots that absorb water and nutrients are found at a depth of 12 inches -18 inches.

Suggested water usage by plants for the seasons:
Spring - temperatures 60 - 70 degrees - 1 inch per week
Summer - temperatures 70 - 85 degrees - 2 inches per week
Summer - temperatures over 85 degrees or very windy conditions - more than 2 inches per week
Winter - inch to 1 inch water (rain) not snow per week

Newly planted plants can be watered 2 inches at a time or 2 watering sessions at 1 inch based on water pressure and/or convenience. Established plants need to be watered during dry hot periods or extended windy periods (any season) a minimum of 2 inches per week. During other dry periods (winter, spring) the suggested watering is a minimum of two watering sessions a month and a maximum of one watering session a week.

Watering time guideline:
20-30 minutes per plant to get approximately 1 inch of water. It is best to measure the amount of water that comes from the hose at a slow trickle or drip tubes during the 20-30 minute time to determine if 1 inch of water has been used. If not then adjust time up or down to get the 1 inch amount. Running the hose at a slow trickle is relative to one's interpretation of a slow trickle.

I use the 20-30 minutes as a guide and it usually works with the drip tube irrigation system that I put together for the homeowners. They can run the drip irrigation from their spigot. A timer can be added for when they are not home to water. It is a good irrigation system for those who do not need a full irrigation system.

Mulch packed by snow or rain should be loosened to help with water absorption.

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